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Organizing the Discussion
Basic Format of a Study Circle
Philosophy and Background
The Role of the Participant

Reading One: From Equality to Jim Crow
Judicial Setbacks

Reading Two: The Fight to Reverse Plessy
Seperate and Unequal
A Settled Question
Preparing the Groundwork
Just an Ordinary People
Go For Broke

Reading Three: Retreat From Equality Today?
Massive Resistance
Affirmative Action: The Beginning
Retreat from Affirmative Action
Is Racial Discrimination Still a Problem?

Reading Four: Affirmative Action: The New Racialism?
Assessing Affirmative Action
What Affirmative Action Is
The Individual Corrective Justice Argument
The Collective Corrective Justice Argument
The Diversity Argument
Constitutional Matters and Court Rulings

Suggested Discussion Questions


We thank the contributing authors for their thoughtful essays: Caryn Bell, Raphael Cassimere, Eric Mack, Tania Tetlow, and Tim Wise. Lance Hill and Lawrence Powell edited the study guide, and Joseph Logsdon and Plater Robinson provided vauable editing suggestions. Special appreciation is due Betty Williams for proofreading and layout. Sections on organizing and moderating study circles are revised and excerpted with permission from Can't We All Just Get Along? published by the Study Cirles Resource Center, P.O. Box 203 Pomfret, CT 06258.


Amistad Research Center at Tulane University
Midlo Center at the University of New Orleans
Pepsi / Seven-Up Beverage Group
Southern Institute for Education & Research
Tulane University Law School
W.E.B. DuBois Institute for Afro-American Research at Harvard University